Like other cities
has its legend. Calcutta
In 1530, the Portuguese sailors began to open up trade in
Bengal. The river Hoogly was easily navigable. The ships anchored at Garden Reach and Betor the opposite banks of the Hoogly river. Whenever the ships arrived from Goa, incalculable thatched houses were erected; commercials and markets were flaunted at the bank of the river. The place looked like a village fair. Silk, muslin, lac, sugar, rice were filled in the budgreows from Baranagar, Dakineshwar, and Aagarpara which were carried to the Big ships waiting at the Hoogly. The ships were encumbered with cargo and set off to Goa, the temporary and ad hoc houses of bamboo and straw were burnt by the Portuguese to leave no trace of their arrival. During that time there were no Taverns in therefore the Portuguese took shelter in their ships. Later in 1835, the first tavern of India was built at Dalhousie “ The Great Eastern Hotel” called the Auckland Hotel by David Wilson. It was also know as the India . Wilson Hotel
After the Portuguese the French arrived in
Bengal, they built a French colony at Chandanagar in 1673, they had taken permission from the Nawab Ibram Khan to set up a permanent trading centre in 1688 at the bank of the river Hoogly.
In 1756, Colonial Robert Clive of East India Company and Admiral Watson of British Navy attacked the French and captured Chandanagar .
After the French, the Armenians arrived as traders from
Armenia(east of Turkey) they established their permanent settlement at Chinsura, later they moved to Calcutta and made contributions in developing . The Armenian church at Dalhousie(B.B.D BAG) still stands as one of the evidence. At the same time the Dutch came to Calcutta Bengal they set up their factories and trading centers at Chinsura. The Dutch built their second colony at Baranagore, near , which was mainly a port and loading dock for Dutch ships. Calcutta
Job Charnok an employee of the East India Company, he was born in
. He came to Lancashire, England in 1655. He was posted in India Patna( Bihar). On 24th August 1690 he arrived at Sutanuti in Bengal, there were three villages on the eastern bank of the river hoogly- Kalikata, Sutanuti and Gobinda pore with approximately a population of three hundred inhabitants. It is said that the fourth village was Chitpore from which a long road lead to Kalighat in the south, the path lead through a tiger infected jungle, later this jungle was cleared by the British hence maidan came into existence here it was used as a landing ground for the helicopters. A hermit named Chowranghi built a Shiva temple on the way , now the temple has been replaced by the Asiatic Society at Park Street. The road is still called the Chowranghi road.
Job Charnok is believed to be the founder of
Calcutta however some believe the Seths to be the one who found . The East India Company commenced by attempting merely to establish factories for their agents, and places of deposit for their goods. In order to protect them they erected several forts in Calcutta . India Fort William was built at Dalhousie in the . At the commencement of the East India Company’s operations, under the reign of White Town Elizabeth, the Company was permitted for the purpose of profitably carrying on its trade with , to export an annual value of £30,000 in silver, gold, and foreign coins. India